Family interactions with preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Lausanne Trilogue Play
Parental Insightfulness and Mother-Father-Child Interactions in Typically Developing Toddlers
When we embarked on this study there was a growing body of research that highlighted the importance of mother-father-child interactions in families of toddlers, but little was known about the internal processes underlying parenting in such interactions. Dyadic studies of parent-child relationships have focused on parental insightfulness as promoting sensitive parent-child interactions, and the goal of the present study was to examine whether insightfulness would similarly be associated with cooperative triadic interactions. To address this question seventy-seven mother-father-toddler triads were observed in the Lausanne Trilogue Play (LTP) procedure to assess family cooperation, and the insightfulness of each parent was assessed using the Insightfulness Assessment, a video replay procedure in which parents are interviewed regarding their children’s thoughts and feelings after watching short video clips of the children. The results showed that families in which both parents were insightful had higher Family Cooperation and Co-parenting scores compared to families in which only one parent was insightful and families in which neither parent was insightful.
The study was based on Dr. Inbal Marcu's dissertation and was done in collaboration with Prof. Nina Koren-Karie. To read full article
Attachment and Autism: The Role of Maternal Insightfulness and Resolution of the Diagnosis
When we began this study it was relatively well-established that about 50% of young children with ASD establish secure attachments to their mothers, but very little was known about the role of parenting in promoting secure attachment in this group. We proposed that insightfulness, the capacity to see and feel things from the child's point of view, would be associated with secure attachment in children with ASD in the same way as in Typcially Developing children. An additional focus was on the importance of the mothers coming to terms (or "resolving") the diagnosis of a developmental disability in the child. Finally, we sought to establish that the effects of Insightfulness and Resolution on children's security are mediated through mothers observed sensitivity. The findings largely supported our hypotheses and are summarized in the papers below.
The study team included Prof. Nina Koren-Karie, Prof. Nurit Yirmiya, Dr. Smadar Dolev and many MA students.